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Xylitol vs Erythritol?

April 16, 2022

In recent years, with the continuous improvement of people’s health awareness, “sugar control” and “sugar reduction” have gradually become a trend that consumers are highly respected, and the demand for zero-sugar products at home and abroad has increased significantly. Bulk erythritol and xylitol are the popular ones among all the sweeteners, and do you know their differences? Let’s take a look.

Xylitol vs Erythritol

Xylitol vs Erythritol

(1) Erythritol is a natural zero-calorie sweetener, and xylitol has calories. The calories of xylitol are about 2.4kcal/g; while erythritol is 0kJ/g, the calories of erythritol are also 12 times lower than that of xylitol.
(2)The sweetness of xylitol is 1:1~1.2, and the sweetness of erythritol is slightly lower, and the sweetness ratio is about 1:0.8.
(3) Erythritol is more tolerated than xylitol. All sugar alcohols will cause diarrhea if they are eaten too much, and there is a problem of tolerance, and erythritol is the highest tolerated by the human body.
(4) The average glycemic index and average insulin index of erythritol are lower than that of xylitol, so erythritol has less effect on blood sugar and also has antioxidant activity.
(5) Many sugar alcohols will feel cool when eating. This cool feeling comes from dissolving and absorbing heat. When dissolving, it will absorb your heat, so we feel cool. The degree of cooling sensation of each product is expressed by the coefficient of heat of dissolution and absorption. Erythritol has the highest heat of dissolution and absorption, and its cooling sensation is the highest.
(6)Comparison of physical properties. Both are sugar alcohols, xylitol is a pentose alcohol, and erythritol is a tetrasaccharide alcohol. Compared with xylitol, the molecular weight is lower and the osmotic pressure is higher. Erythritol is more stable in nature. As a sweetener additive, it often faces high temperature, and erythritol basically does not appear coking and other phenomena.
(7)Comparison of metabolism in vivo. The human body lacks the enzymes that metabolize erythritol, so it cannot be metabolized in the human body. However, due to the small molecular weight of this sugar alcohol, it is easily absorbed passively. 90% is excreted in the urine from the small intestine, and 10% is excreted in the feces from the large intestine. . Even if it enters the large intestine, the bacteria in the large intestine cannot use erythritol, and it is completely excreted from the body, so the energy to the human body is basically equal to 0. Although bacteria cannot decompose xylitol, the human body has xylitol dehydrogenase, which can metabolize part of xylitol and generate part of energy.
(8) Xylitol is mainly used in the field of candy and medicine in Europe. Although Xylitol is added in appropriate amount in FDA and European regulations, excessive intake of xylitol will cause symptoms such as elevated blood sugar and diarrhea.
(9)Disadvantages. Most sugar alcohols cannot be absorbed by the small intestine or are absorbed very little, which will cause increased intestinal osmotic pressure. Some people eat a certain amount, there will be flatulence, diarrhea and so on. Xylitol is more likely to have these conditions, while erythritol is less likely to have flatulence and diarrhea.
(10)Considerations for people with diabetes.
Compared with sucrose, xylitol is considered to be low in calories, but as mentioned earlier, it still has calories, and participating in chemical reactions will also cause blood sugar to rise. Erythritol has a glycemic index of 0, while xylitol has a glycemic index of 13. Therefore, erythritol has much less effect on blood sugar than xylitol and hardly has any effect on blood sugar.

Both of these products are sugar alcohols (also called reduced-calorie sweeteners). The main difference is that xylitol powder does contain some calories (it’s not zero-calorie like erythritol), but less than sugar.
Xylitol also has a small impact on blood sugar levels, while erythritol does not have any impact, making it more suitable for diabetics.
Because xylitol can cause diarrhea in some people, especially when used in large amounts, this is one reason why some people prefer erythritol.

Best Nutras could supply the following sweeteners as per require:
-Monk fruit extract(Mogroside/Luo Han Guo)
-Disodium glycyrrhizinate
Are you looking for any sweeteners? Welcome to send us an inquiry about our sweeteners at [email protected].

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